The proliferation of heavy organizational structures undermine business efficiency and company’s result orientation.
Promoting cooperation among People/Teams path the way to innovation, productivity and organization agility.
The tool and methodology to face this challenge is the Organizational Network Analysis (ONA): the starting point for understanding how make strategies a reality.
FOUNDATIONS OF NETWORK THEORY
- It is a good proxy of the speed at which information circulates within the organization. It can be computed as the sum of existing links within a group or subgroup / maximum number of possible links).
THE CONCEPT OF BETWEENESS
- It is a complex calculation that helps investigating the level of centrality.
- It measures how much an Employee/Team is in the middle of the workflow and connects different actors in the organization that would otherwise be disconnected.
THE CONCEPT OF CLOSENESS
- Analyzes the length of the shortest path between the actor examined and all other nodes in the organization’s network
- The more central the node is, the closer it is to all the others
- If this index is = 1, it means that the node has direct connections with all the others (one-to-one)
THE ROLE OF MUTUAL LINKS
- Mutual links are relationships that have been reported by a person and confirmed by co-workers.
- A high percentage of confirmed links means that the relationships between colleagues are clear and that efficiency is high.